A biopsy is a test that checks your tissue for the presence of cancer or other diseases. It involves the removal of a small sample of tissue, which is then analyzed visually and chemically. Your gynecologist may order a biopsy if they discover an area of concern during their examination.
A colposcopy is a procedure to check your vulva, cervix, and vagina for signs of disease. Your doctor uses a special instrument called a colposcope to examine the area under intense magnification. Colposcopies can help us diagnose genital warts, cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix), and precancerous changes in genital tissue.
A hysteroscopy is a procedure to examine the lining of the uterus for any abnormalities. It is a more involved procedure than a colposcopy because it involves inserting a thin tube called a hysteroscope all the way into the uterus. There are several reasons a hysteroscopy might be recommended:
- You are experiencing heavy menstruation or severe cramping.
- Your pap smear test results are abnormal.
- You’ve had problems getting pregnant, or more than one miscarriage.
- Your doctor needs a biopsy of your uterine wall.
- Your IUD is dislocated.